Eucaryote

organismos con cellulas que ha nucleos includite in membranas
(Redirigite ab Eukaryota)

Eucaryotes o Eukaryotes son organismos vivente cuje cellulas ha nucleos e altere organellos delimitate per membranas. Illos forma un dominio (nomine scientific Eukaryota del greco: ευ/eu, bene o vere + κάρυον/karyon, nuce o nucleo con suffixo -ώτης (-ṓtēs)), un del tres in que tote le vita cellular es dividite. Illos include animales, plantas, fungos e alcun altere organismos unicellular (protistos) o multicellular.

Wikipedia:Uso de taxoboxWikipedia:Uso de taxobox
Wikipedia:Uso de taxobox
Eukaryota
Rango fossile: RhyacianPresente

Classification scientific
Dominio
Eukaryota
(Chatton, 1925) Whittaker & Margulis, 1978
Synonymia
Supergruppo e regnos[4]:

Supertaxones

modificar

Phylogenia

modificar

Se pensa que le prime eucaryotes se formava de un archeo con endosymbiose (fr) de al minus un α─Proteobacteria (devenite su mitochondrio).

Le prime protistos cognite haberea vivite desde 2.1 milliardos de annos in le deposito de Moulendé (en) in Gabon.[5] Le horologio molecular (en) indica un edade del ultime eukaryotic commun ancestre (LECA (en)) inter 1.2 e 1.8 Ga (milliardos de annos).[6] Lor apparition haberea essite favorisate per le Grande Oxydation evento (2.4 Ma - 2.0 Ma).[7]


Eukaryotes
Diphoda
Diaphoretickes


Cryptista  


Archaeplastida

Rhodophyta (red algae)

 


Picozoa

 




Glaucophyta

 


Viridiplantae (plants)

 









Haptista  


TSAR

Telonemia  


SAR
Halvaria

Stramenopiles    



Alveolata  



Rhizaria

 






Provora  




Hemimastigophora  






Discoba (Excavata)  



? Metamonada  




Opimoda

Ancyromonadida  




Malawimonada  



CRuMs

 


Amorphea
Amoebozoa

 


Obazoa

Breviatea  




Apusomonadida  


Opisthokonta
Holomycota

Nucleariae  



Fungi  



Holozoa

Mesomycetozoa  




Pluriformea  


Filozoa

Filasterea  


Apoikozoa

Choanoflagellatea  



Animalia  















 
Nota
  1. "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya" (June 1990). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 87 (12): 4576–4579. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576. PMID 2112744. Bibcode1990PNAS...87.4576W. 
  2. Margulis, Lynn (6 February 1996). "Archaeal-eubacterial mergers in the origin of Eukarya: phylogenetic classification of life". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 93 (3): 1071–1076. doi:10.1073/pnas.93.3.1071. 
  3. "Microbial predators form a new supergroup of eukaryotes" (December 2022). Nature 612 (7941): 714–719. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-05511-5. PMID 36477531. 
  4. "Revisions to the Classification, Nomenclature, and Diversity of Eukaryotes" (January 2019). The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 66 (1): 4–119. doi:10.1111/jeu.12691. PMID 30257078. 
  5. A. El Albani, K.O. Konhauser, A. Somogyi, J. Ngwalghoubou Ikouanga, A. Lamboux, J. Blichert-Toft, E. Chi-Fru, C. Fontaine, A. Mazurier, A. Riboulleau, A.-C. Pierson-Wickmann, F. Albarède, "A search for life in Palaeoproterozoic marine sediments using Zn isotopes and geochemistry", Earth and Planetary Science Letters, volume 612 (2023) DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118169
  6. Brocks, J.J., Nettersheim, B.J., Adam, P. et al. (2023-06-07). "Lost world of complex life and the late rise of the eukaryotic crown" (in en). Nature. doi:10.1038/s41586-023-06170-w. 
  7. doi:10.1111/gbi.12576