Aperir le menu principal

Kazan (Каза́нь; Казан, Qazan) es le citate capital del Republica del Republica de Tatarstan in le Federation Russe. Kazan es un urbe habitate per 1,12 milliones de personas e es un citate plus grande de Russia. Illo es le plus importante centre de cultara Tatar. Kazan es in vicinitate del rivieras Volga e Kazanka in le centro del parte europee de Russia.

Kazan Bandiera de Union Europee
Казань Flag of Russia.svg
Казан (Tatar)
Kazan (Russia)
Kazan
Location de Kazan in le mappa de Russia
Coordinates
105 289) 55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167Coordinatas: 105 289) 55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167
Coat of ArmsBandera
Coat of Arms of Kazan (Tatarstan) (2004).pngFlag of Kazan (Tatarstan).png
Dia de citate: August 30
Statut administrativo
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Capital of
Republica de Tatarstan
Republica de Tatarstan
Republica de Tatarstan
Government local
Charta Charta de Kazan
Statut municipal Urban okrug
Mayor İlsur Metşin
Comitet representativo Kazan Duma
Area
Area Patrono:Km2 to sq mi
Population
2002 Census
- Rank
- Density
1 105 289 inhabitants
8th
Patrono:PD km2 to sq mi
Events
Fundate ~1005
Mentioned in chronicle1177
Khanate sw Kazan1438
Conquered de Russia1552
Capital de Tatarstan1920
Altere informationes
Codice postal 420xxx
Codice telephonic +7 843
Website official
http://www.kzn.ru/


Contento

ClimateModificar

Kazan ha un climate continental humide.

Weather averages for Kazan (1971 - 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.8 (39) 5.2 (41) 11.0 (52) 29.5 (85) 33.8 (93) 37.5 (100) 37.9 (100) 37.7 (100) 32.3 (90) 23.4 (74) 15.0 (59) 6.1 (43) 37,9 (100)
Average high °C (°F) -7.1 (19) -5.8 (22) 0.8 (33) 10.7 (51) 18.8 (66) 23.9 (75) 24.9 (77) 22.2 (72) 16.0 (61) 7.7 (46) -1.2 (30) -4.4 (24) 8,9 (48)
Average low °C (°F) -14.1 (7) -13.1 (8) -6.9 (20) 2.2 (36) 7.8 (46) 12.7 (55) 14.2 (58) 11.7 (53) 7.1 (45) 1.4 (35) -6.3 (21) -10.4 (13) 0,5 (33)
Record low °C (°F) -46.8 (-52) -39.9 (-40) -31.7 (-25) -25.6 (-14) -6.5 (20) -1.4 (29) 2.6 (37) 1.6 (35) -5.4 (22) -23.4 (-10) -36.6 (-34) -43.9 (-47) -46,8 (-52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35 (1.38) 30 (1.18) 25 (0.98) 34 (1.34) 38 (1.5) 70 (2.76) 66 (2.6) 59 (2.32) 55 (2.17) 54 (2.13) 44 (1.73) 38 (1.5) 548 (21,57)
Source: [1] 22/03/2009

HistoriaModificar

 
Un vista de Kazan Kremlin

Le citate ha essite fundate per le Bulgaros de Volga in seculo XI o de Tatares de la Horda de auro in le seculo XV. In 1552, le citate Kazan ha essite conquest de Russia sub Ivan le Terribilo e le majoritate del population ha essite massacrate.

Historical populationModificar

 
Strata Bauman (Kazan)
  • 1550–50000
  • 1708–40000
  • 1830–43900
  • 1839–51600
  • 1859–60600
  • 1862–63100
  • 1883–140000
  • 1897–130000
  • 1917–206600
  • 1926–179000
  • 1939–398000
  • 1959–667000
  • 1979–989000
  • 1989–1094400
  • 1997–1076000
  • 2000–1089500
  • 2002–1105289 (census)
  • 2008-1120200

Nomines historicModificar

  • Tatar (ora, 1928–1939): Qazan;
  • (1939–2000): Казан;
  • (1918–1928): قازان ;
  • (1918–1922), Arab: قزان ;
  • Russo: Каза́нь [Kazan];
  • Arabic (hist.): Bulgar al-Jadid (in Tatar transliteration:Bolğar âl-Cädid) - Nove Bolğar;
  • German: Kasan, Latin: Casan, French: Kazan, Latvian: Kazaņa, Polish: Kazań,


Central KazanModificar

KremlinModificar

Le citate ha Kazan Kremlin un bella citadel (Russo: kreml, o Tatar: kirman), ha essite declarate le Sito mundial de hereditage in 2000.

Bistä o PosadModificar

Central Kazan es dividite in duo districtos de le canal Bolaq canal e Laco Qaban.

LinguasModificar

Lingua russe e LIngua Tatar es parlate in le citate.

Citate communitates ethnicModificar

 
Le Temple de tutte religias.

Le citate population es composite de Tatars (52%) e Russos (43%).


Citates geminiModificar