Rhinoceros sondaicus

Rhinoceros sondaicus es un taxon.

Rhinoceros sondaicus
specie de Rhinoceros[*]
Rhinoceros sondaicus in London Zoo.jpg
stato de conservation: in periculo critic
Javan Rhino Range.svg
Identificatores e ligamines
ID NCBI: 102233
ID EOL: 328342
ID ITIS: 625004
ID MSW: 14100067
Commons: Rhinoceros sondaicus

NominesModificar

Rhinocerote del Java (Rhinocerote Sunda con plus precise) o Rhinoceros sondaicus

ClassificationModificar

Rango taxinomicModificar

SupertaxonesModificar

Es membro de la familia Rhinocerotidae e uno de cincue variante de rhinocerotes. Ille pertiner a Rhinocerote del India e ha 3.1–3.2 m in longitude e 1.4–1.7 m in alta. Ille corno es cerca 25 cm, minor de altre species de rhinocerote.

EvolutionModificar

Comparision de DNA mitochondrial presenta que le ancestores de rhinocerotes modern ha scindate de le ancestores de Equidae 50 milliones anos in passato.[1]

HabitatModificar

 
Java's Parcon National Ujung Kulon es le casa de multe rhinocerotes del Java.

Le plus optimistic estimate presenta que exista no multe de 100 rhinocerotes del Java in salvage.[2][3]

Le Rhinocerote del Java ha rangiate de le isla de Indonesia, a India e China. Le specie es ora in periculo critic, con due populationes in salvage, e nulle in zoo. Ille es le plus rare mammal grande on terra.[4] Un population de 40–50 vive in Parco National Ujung Kulon super le isla de Java in Indonesia e un minor population, estimate in 2007 a 8, supervive in Parco National Cat Tien in Vietnam.

Ujung KulonModificar

Le Ujung Kulon peninsula esseva devastate de le eruption de Krakatoa in 1883. Le Rhinocerotes del Java recolonized le peninsula dupo le explosion.[5]

SubtaxonesModificar

GaleriaModificar

ReferentiasModificar

  1. Xu, Xiufeng (1996). "The Complete Mitochondrial DNA Sequence of the Greater Indian Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, and the Phylogenetic Relationship Among Carnivora, Perissodactyla, and Artiodactyla (+ Cetacea)". Molecular Biology and Evolution 13 (9): 1167–1173. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025681. PMID 8896369. 
  2. Fernando, Prithiviraj (June 2006). "Genetic diversity, phylogeny and conservation of the Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus)". Conservation Genetics 7 (3): 439–448. doi:10.1007/s10592-006-9139-4. 
  3. Derr, Mark (July 11, 2006). "Racing to Know the Rarest of Rhinos, Before It's Too Late", The New York Times. Recuperate le 2007-10-14. 
  4. Dinerstein, Eric (2003). The Return of the Unicorns; The Natural History and Conservation of the Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-08450-1. 
  5. Dursin, Richel (January 16, 2001). "Environment-Indonesia: Javan Rhinoceros Remains At High Risk", Inter Press Service. 

Ligamentes externModificar