Napoléon Bonaparte

(Redirigite ab Napoleon)

Napoléon Bonaparte[1] (nate Napoleone di Buonaparte, 15 de augusto 1769 - 5 de maio 1821), postea cognoscite como Napoléon I, esseva un chef militar e politic de Francia cuje actiones duceva le politica europee in le seculo 19.

Napoléon Bonaparte
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1769-08-15, 1769 (Ajaccio)
Decesso 1821-05-05, 1821 (Longwood House)
Causa de decesso cancere del stomacho[*]
Loco de reposo Cathédrale Saint-Louis-des-Invalides[*], Valley of the Tomb[*]
Citatania Francia
Educate in École Militaire[*]
Occupation politico[*], homine de stato[*], officiero[*], collector de arte[*], Imperator, sovereign[*], militant[*], military leader[*], monarcha[*], army officer[*]
Religion Catholicismo, deismo
Conjuge Joséphine de Beauharnais[*], Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma[*]
Infantes Napoleon II[*], Charles Léon[*], Alexandre Colonna-Walewski[*], Eugen Megerle von Mühlfeld[*]
Parentes matre Maria-Letizia Bonaparte[*] patre Carlo Bonaparte[*]
Fratres/sorores Elisa Bonaparte[*], Louis Bonaparte[*], Caroline Bonaparte[*], Pauline Bonaparte[*], Joseph Bonaparte[*], Lucien Bonaparte[*], Jérôme Bonaparte[*], unnamed daughter Bonaparte[*]
Premios Knight of the Order of the Elephant[*], Order of the White Eagle[*], Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece[*], Order of Saint Anna, 1st class[*], Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky[*], Order of St. Andrew[*], Grand Master of the Legion of Honour[*], Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Joseph[*], Order of the Iron Crown[*], Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary[*], Order of Saint Hubert[*], Order of the Black Eagle[*], Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of Christ[*], Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour[*], Order of the Reunion[*], French Order of Academic Palms[*], Royal Order of the Two-Sicilies[*], Order of Leopold[*], Order of Saint Joseph[*], Order of the Red Eagle[*], Order of the Rue Crown[*], Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown[*], Order of Ludwig I[*], Order of the Crown[*], Order of Fidelity[*], Order of the Elephant[*], Royal Order of the Seraphim[*], Order of the Golden Fleece[*], Order of Charles III[*], Order of Santiago[*], Order of the Lion and the Sun First class[*], Knight of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky[*], Order of the Crown of Westphalia[*], Royal Order of Spain[*], Order of the Three-Golden Fleeces[*], Order of the Union[*], Royal Order of Saint George for the Defense of the Immaculate Conception[*]
Lingua francese, Corsican[*]
Signatura
Identificatores
ISNI 0000000122838283
VIAF 106964661
IMDB nm1927416
Commons Napoleon I of France

Nascite in Corsica e inseniate como un officiero de artilleria, Bonaparte ganiava prominentia in le Prime Republica de Francia e duceva campanias succedite contra le prime e secunde coalitiones ordinate contra Francia. In 1799 ille inscenava un coup d'état succedite e se installava como le Principe Consul; cinque annos postea, ille se coronava le Imperator Francese. In le prime decenio del seculo 19, ille tornava le armea del Prime Imperio Francese contra cata poter major in Europa e dominava Europa continental con un series de victorias militar. Ille conservava le sphera de influentia de Francia per le formation de alliantias extensive e le nomination de amicos e familiar a positiones dirigente de altere paises europee, como le statos cliente de Francia.

Le Invasion Francese de Russia in 1812 marcava un cambio de direction del fortunas de Napoléon. Su Grande Armée esseva damnificate severmente in le campania e nunquam recuperava completemente. In 1813, le Sexte Coalition vinceva contra su fortias in le Battalia de Leipzig; le anno sequente le Coalition invadeva Francia, fortiava que Napoléon abdicar su position e le exiliava al insula de Ilva. Minus que un anno postea, ille escappava a Ilva e retornava a su position, sed ille esseva disfacite in le Battalia de Waterloo in junio de 1815. Napoléon passava le sex annos final de su vita sub supervision parental in le insula de Sancte Helena. Un autopsia concludeva que ille moriva de cancere del stomacho, sed Sten Forshufvud e altere scientistas ha postea conjecturava que ille esseva invenenate con arsenico.

Le conflicto con Europa causava un periodo de guerra total per tote le continente; su campanias esse studiate in academias militar per tote le mundo. Ben que considerate un tyranno per su opponentes, ille esse etiam recordate pro le establimento del codice napoleonic, que creava le fundationes administrative e judicial pro plure paises in Europa Occidental, e 70 paises del mundo. Su politicas includeva policiar plus effective e reformas liberal: le abolition del feudalismo, administration statal efficace e meritocratic, derectos de proprietate, le tolerantia religiose, e le promotion del scientia, del artes e del education.

Referentias

modificar
  1. Derivation: Entitates: 1. (it) Napoleone Bonaparte || 2. (es) Napoleón Bonaparte || (pt) Napoleão Bonaparte || 3. (fr) Napoléon Ier || 4. (en) Napoleon || Controlo: (de) Napoleon Bonaparte || (ru) Наполеон I || - (Extra): (la) Napoleo I (imperator Francogallorum)
 
Nota