Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck - Graf von Bismarck (conte), depost Fürst von Bismarck - (1815-04-01 - 1898-07-30) esseva Cancellero del regno de Prussia de 1862 a 1890. Ille unificava le Germania e deveniva le prime cancellero (1871 - 1890) del Imperio Germanic. Un chef conservative, aristocratic e monarchic, Bismarck era famose pro su dominantia domestic e su politica externe effective.

Otto von Bismarck
BismarckArbeitszimmer1886.jpgOtto von Bismarck portrait 1873.jpg
Pronunciation del nomine
Sexo mascule
Nascentia 1815-04-01, 1815 (Schönhausen)
Decesso 1898-07-30, 1898 (Friedrichsruh)
Causa de decesso maladia
Loco de reposo Bismarck Mausoleum[*]
Citatania Kingdom of Prussia[*], Prussia, German Empire[*]
Educate in University of Göttingen[*], Frederick William University[*], Q20827377[*]
Occupation politico[*], diplomate[*], jurista[*]
Obras notabile Gedanken und Erinnerungen[*]
Partito politic German Conservative Party[*], Free Conservative Party[*]
Religion Lutheranismo
Conjuge Johanna von Puttkamer[*]
Infantes Marie von Bismarck[*], Wilhelm von Bismarck[*], Herbert von Bismarck[*]
Parentes matre Wilhelmine Luise Mencke[*] patre Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck[*]
Fratres/sorores Malwine von Bismarck[*], Bernhard von Bismarck[*]
Premios Order of the Crown[*], Order of the Black Eagle[*], Supreme Order of Christ[*], Order of Hospitallers[*], Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts[*], Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece[*], Order of St. Andrew[*], Order of St. Alexander Nevsky[*], Pour le Mérite[*], Lifesaving Medal[*], Ludwigsorden[*], Royal Order of the Seraphim[*], Order of the Most Holy Annunciation[*], honorary citizen of Bonn[*], Wilhelm-Orden[*], Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa[*], Order of Saint Stanislaus, 1st class[*]
Lingua anglese, francese, germano
Signatura Otto vonBismarck Signature.svg
Identificatores
ISNI 0000 0001 2101 0812
VIAF 46772111
IMDB nm0901976
Commons Otto von Bismarck

Bismarck veniva de un familia del Junkeres (le nobilitate prussian) in le Provincia de Saxonia. Ille travaliava como un politico e diplomat ante ille deveniva le cancellero. In iste rolo, ille committeva al unification de Germania sub le monarchia prusse. Ille provocava tres breve e decisive guerras contra Danmark, Austria e Francia. Iste eventos e alteros causava le creation del Imperio German sin Austria in 1871. Post le victoria abassante super Francia e Napoléon III in 1871, Bismarck establiva plure alliantias e accordos con Austria, Italia, Russia e altere nationes a fin de impedir le vindicantia de Francia. Su politica externe pragmatic era nominate Realpolitik. Ille manovrava attentivemente diplomatia pro mantener un balancia de potentia e pace in Europa. Nonobstante, ille consentiva ideas nationalista con le annexion de Alsatia-Lorena e le fundation de un imperio colonial.

Le systema politic del imperio includeva un assemblea eligite e suffragio universel masculin, ma le cancellero era responsabile solmente al imperio. Le primo, Gulielmo I, permitteva le dominantia de Bismarck e non interveniva usualmente in politica. Un protestanto devote, BIsmarck initialmente se alliava con le politicos liberal protestante e exequeva un lucta politic (Kulturkampf) contra le Ecclesia Catholic in Germania a fin de rumper su influentia super le societate civil. Post 1878, Bismarck lo finiva e in su loco se alliava con le partitos catholic contra le liberales e le movimento crescente socialdemocratic. Pro combatter le politica del sinistra, ille prohibir multe organisationes de opposition e institueva le prime stato assistential in le mundo, con ille creava un assecurantia de salute e accidente pro le obreros.

Bismarck era describite como obstinate, imperiose e franc ma etiam pote esser polite, amicabile e facete. Ille era de tempore in tempore de mal humor. Ille intimidava repetitemente Gulielmo I per menacias de resignation. Le imperio subsequente obstinate Gulielmo II non succedeva con Bismarck e tosto compulsava su resignation. Ille se retirava pro scriber su memorias. Bismarck era un heroe al nationalistas german e laudate a causa de su habilitate politic e diplomatic, ma le systema diplomatic collabeva post su resignation.