Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pestis[1] es un bacterio que causa le morbo appellate le peste.

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Wikipedia:Uso de taxobox
Yersinia pestis
Yersinia pestis bacillo
Classification scientific
Dominio: Bacteria
Regno: Bacteria
Phylo: Pseudomonadota
Classe: Gammaproteobacteria
Ordine: Enterobacteriales
Familia: Yersiniaceae
Genere: Yersinia
Nomine binomial
Yersinia pestis
(Lehmann & Neumann, 1896)
van Loghem, 1944
Basionymo
Bacterium pestis
Lehmann & Neumann, 1896
Synonymia
Pasteurella pestis
(Lehmann & Neumann, 1896)
The Netherlands, 1920

Yersinia pestis es un bacillo. Illo es le bacterio[2] que ha essite identificate como le agente infective del peste bubonic. Iste bacterio alsi causa duo altere formas del peste: peste septicemic e peste pneumonic.[3] Iste tres formas del peste esseva responsible pro un grande numero de mortes in multe epidemicas in le historia human. Il es credite que iste maladias son le causa del Morte Nigre, que occideva circa un tertie del population europee inter 1347 e 1353.

Le bacillo era discoperite per le medico helvetico-francese Alexandre Yersin durante un epidemia de peste in Hong Kong, in 1894.[4] Yersin travaliava al Instituto Pasteur al tempore. Al presente tres varietates de Y. pestis son cognoscite.

Etymologia modificar

Yersinia pestis (Lehmann et Neumann 1896) van Loghem 1944. N.L. fem. n. (Neolatinum substantivum femininum) in que 'Yersinia', es nomine del bacteriologo A. J. E. Yersin, qui identificava le organismo in le anno 1894.[5]

Referentias modificar

  1. "THE LATER MIDDLE AGES: CRISIS AND DISINTEGRATION IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY," Archived 2014-02-09 at the Wayback Machine apud site socsci.gulfcoast.edu anglese.
  2. Collins FM (1996). Pasteurella, Yersinia, and Francisella. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (Baron S et al., eds.), 4th ed., Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. 
  3. Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology, 4th ed., McGraw Hill, pp. 484-8. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. 
  4. Bockemühl J (1994). "[100 years after the discovery of the plague-causing agent--importance and veneration of Alexandre Yersin in Vietnam today]". Immun Infekt 22 (2): 72-5. PMID 7959865. 
  5. "J.P. Euzéby: List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature - Genus Yersinia," in le sito bacterio.cict.fr.